Bali Silver is sterling silver made on the island of Bali, Indonesia.
Genuine Bali Silver is made entirely by hand by highly skilled silversmiths, known for their granulation and wirework decoration. Each piece is made one by one with patience and skill.
A limited amount of silver in Bali is made by casting, certain designs don't lend themselves to the handmade method, the cast beads are still sterling silver. Bali style silver is made elsewhere, like India, Turkey or Israel for example, they are sometimes handcrafted but often they are cast. They are lower in price, genuine handmade Bali Silver is going to be more expensive.
Thai Silver may also be referred to as Thai Hill Tribe Silver. The percentage of silver is higher, 95-99%. Thai Silver made in northern Thailand by the Hill tribes is made by traditional methods passed down by generation. Thai Silver is similar to that from Bali, the designs are simpler, most designs are made by hammering, colour is slightly lighter then Bali or sterling silver due to its higher content of silver.
Karen Hill Tribe Silver is often found in more natural organic shapes such as leaves, fish, shells...
Gold Filled is an actual layer of gold-pressure bonded to another metal usually sterling silver or brass, has 100 times more gold than gold plating. Gold filled jewelry has the same desirable properties and looks of solid gold, will not tarnish and will not rub off or turn colours.
If the gold layer is 12kt or higher, the minimum layer of karat gold in an item stamped "GF" must equal at least 1/20 of the total weight of the item. The most common stamps found in gold filled jewelry are 1/20 12kt GF and 1/20 14kt GF. Some product is made using sterling silver as the base, although this more expensive version is not common today. Since the gold filled material has an actual solid layer of gold on the exterior, the material can hold up for many years even if it's worn daily. To keep your gold filled jewelry looking new, simply wipe with jewelry polishing cloth, or use warm water and a mild soap-based detergent, soak your jewelry for not more than 1 minute in the water, to scrub use a soft baby toothbrush and be gentle.
Gold Vermeil has a base of sterling silver than coated with at least 2.5 microns of gold that is 10kt purity or more and has a stamp of 925. Gold Vermeil is much thicker and more durable than items labelled gold plated.
To keep your pieces looking new longer, always remove your jewelry before showering or any activity which will expose it to water. To clean, wipe gently with a soft and 100% cotton cloth or a microfibre cloth. Never use chemical cleaners- it can strip the gold finish.
Gold Vermeil Style has a base of sterling silver with fewer microns of a gold layer that is required for Vermeil, 2.5 microns as defined by Federal Trade Commission for Vermeil.
Vermeil Style has 1-micron gold plated over sterling silver, it is 40 times thicker than most gold plated jewelry.
The term Vermeil Style is used to distinguish from other base metal of the gold plated jewelry.
Venetian Glass beads and Murano Glass beads are the same, they are handmade in Venice and Murano, Italy. The glass used to make the beads originates from Murano island, known as the famous "Glass island" and is about 5 minutes by boat from Venice, however, Venetian Glass has been used to describe the glass coming from Murano for centuries, and since Venice is much more widely known then the island of Murano, people continue to refer to it as Venetian Glass.
The use of superior raw materials by glassmakers, who have passed their skills down to generations, results in glass that its famous all over the world for its elegant, classic beauty and craftsmanship.
To clean and keep your beads sparkle and shiny, use mild soap and water.
Swarovski® is the premium brand for the finest crystal embellishments since 1895. It is recognized for its innovative excellence and its collaborations with top-class designers and brands in the fashion, jewelry, accessories, interior design, and lighting industries across the globe.
Available in a myriad of colours, effects, shapes, and sizes, Swarovski® crystals offer designers a fabulous palette of inspiration and are produced according to the innovative, lead-free* Advanced Crystal standard. Born out of a passion for detail and high-precision cutting, these precious ingredients impart refined glamour to everything they embellish.
A family-owned company for more than 120 years, with values rooted in integrity, respect, and excellence, Swarovski® is noted as much for its ethics in business as for its contemporary artistry and innovative flair.
Swarovski® crystals will never have bubbles, has a smooth surface and the facets on the crystal will line up and it will outshine any other crystal.
Jewelry made with Swarovski® crystals should be treated the same as all other fine jewelry.
Avoid exposing the crystals to water, chemicals and for cleaning and polishing using a soft cloth, mild soap and water. Store it in a soft pouch to prevent scratching.
Cubic Zirconia is a perfectly man-made flawless stone, free of inclusions. It is similar to a Diamond with its brilliance and crystal quality and its an affordable alternative to Diamond.
Cubic Zirconia comes in many different colours to simulate the different colours of a Diamond.
Quartz is the second most abundant mineral on earth, a hard white or colourless mineral consisting of silicon dioxide, often coloured by impurities as in amethyst and citrine.
It ranges in colour from clear, colourless "rock crystal" quartz, to rose quartz, smoky quartz, amethyst, citrine, agate, aventurine, chalcedony, carnelian, jasper, onyx, passionate and many more variety of quartz.
Hydro Quartz/Hydro Glass or "Quartz" Glass is glass that is coloured to look like gemstones.
Pearls are delicate tiny wonders of nature and are the only gem created by a living organism. They are considered the most magical and feminine of all gems. Pearls come in a variety of colours, shapes and sizes and can be wear all day long with different kind of attire. They are very versatile and also one of the most fascinating material used in jewelry making.
A gemstone is a portion of mineral, which, in refined and cut form is used to create jewelry and other embellishments. It can be a precious or semi-precious stone. There are also organic resources or precise rocks, that are not minerals like Amber of Jet, that are also used for jewelry and considered to be gemstones as well.
A gemologist identifies and label gems in the arena of gemology using practical language and their features and uses the gemstone's chemical arrangement to classify it. Gemstones are classified into different varieties, species and groups and they are characterized in terms of dispersion, hardness, specific gravity, refractive index, lustre, fracture and cleavage. Flaws in a stone are known as inclusions.
Diamonds, Rubies, Emeralds and Sapphires are precious stones, all other stones are considered semi-precious stones such as Amethyst, Citrine, Turquoise, Blue Topaz, Peridot, Jade, Garnet, Tourmaline, Moonstone, Jasper, Rose Quartz, Smoky Quartz, Malachite, Tanzanite, Pearl, Opal, Aquamarine, Topaz, Black Onyx...
Birthstones are associated with each month of the year. There are numerous legends and myths about birthstone healing powers and therapeutic influence.
Below is a list of Birthstones by month with a brief information about colour, the healing powers and the symbolism of each birthstone.
January - Garnet - reddish-brown in colour. It is also found in other colours such as pink, purple, violet, yellow, orange, green, red, brown, black and even colourless. Garnet symbolizes strength, prosperity, friendship, love, vitality, passionate devotion.
Zodiac sign - Capricorn.
February - Amethyst purple tones ranging from deep, dark violet to pale lavender and is associated with royalty and nobility. Amethyst symbolizes sincerity and security, spirituality, wisdom, peace, courage, strength and stability.
Zodiac sign - Aquarius.
March - Aquamarine & Bloodstone. Aquamarine, a pastel stone that is greenish-blue in colour, hues range from a nearly colourless whitish-blue to a rich teal, the most valued is a vivid blue aqua shade.Aquamarine symbolizes loyalty, honesty, beauty and happiness. Bloodstone also called Heliotrope, a dark green stone flecked with vivid red spots of iron oxide, symbolizes personal strength, endurance, helps with mental clarity, increasing creativity, boosting overall energy.
Zodiac sign - Pisces
April - Diamond the most popular of all gemstone, transparent, silvery colour.
Diamond symbolizes clarity, purity, eternal love, inner strength, invincible, balance
Zodiac sign - Aries.
May - Emerald a precious gemstone, colour of brilliant green with a yellow and blue undertone. Emerald symbolizes wisdom, faith, success in love, loyalty, new beginnings.
Zodiac sign - Taurus.
June - Pearl, Alexandrite & Moonstone. Pearl symbolizes success, happiness and love, purity, also known as the stone of sincerity. Alexandrite, bluish-green in colour, turns purple-red to violet when exposed to daylight, symbolizes intuition, creativity and imagination, confidence and joy. Moonstone, various colours of blue, gray, yellow, peach and green, symbolizes good fortune, passion, calmness.
Zodiac sign - Gemini.
July - Ruby pink to the deep red precious gemstone, symbolizes love and passion, promotes courage and brings success in love and wealth.
Zodiac sign - Cancer.
August - Peridot olive green in colour, sometimes called the "evening Emerald", symbolizes fame, dignity, protection, strength, truth, happiness, love and strengthens friendship.
Zodiac Sign - Leo.
September - Sapphire a precious gemstone, mostly associated with blue hues, comes in every colour except red. Sapphires in any colour but blue are called " fancies". Sapphires symbolize loyalty, nobility, sincerity, integrity, truth.
Zodiac sign - Virgo.
October - Opal & Tourmaline represents hope and innocence, colours of black and white, has delicate tints of divers hues when observed from different angles. Opal symbolizes hope innocense, purity, confidence, happiness and faithfulness. for centuries, people associated this gem with good luck. Tourmaline has a very exclusive spectrum of colours and rarely is colourless. Rubellite Tourmaline in shades of pink or red is one of this gem's most desirable colours. Green and blue tourmaline are very popular, the most striking shades of this colours come from Brazil, named Paraiba Tourmaline, it is the most valuable variety of Tourmaline. symbolizes physical strength, balance, safety, it can shield from radiation, toxins and negative thoughts.
Zodiac sign - Libra.
November - Topaz & Citrine. Topaz comes in a variety of colours, reddish-orange-brown, blue, purple. Topaz symbolizes friendship, faithfulness, consistency, strength, wisdom, courage, known for its calming energy, eliminate nightmares and bringing warmth and fortune to those who wear it. Citrine, colour of pale yellow or orange, also referred as the "success stone" or "merchant's stone", for its tendency to attract wealth and prosperity. Citrine symbolizes happiness, positive energy and stamina, success.
Zodiac sign - Scorpio.
December - Turquoise, Tanzanite & Zircon. Turquoise is a green-blue stone with sky blue tones, colour of brilliant icy blue, green-blue tint, ranges from powdery blue to greenish robin's egg blue. Turquoise symbolizes love and fidelity, new possibilities, happiness, confidence in communication. Tanzanite was discovered in 1960, in Tanzania and is the only place that has been found up-to-date. It is a brilliant stone, which can exist in numerous hues of purples and blues. the most valuable come in vivid violet-blue colour. Because of its ability to alleviate stress and blood pressure, it is used to treat anxiety, depression, worry and fear, symbolizes intuition and spiritual awareness. Zircon comes in various colours including green, blue, yellow, orange and red. It is a natural crystal, often confused with synthetic Cubic Zirconia because of their similar names and common use as diamond simulants. Zircon symbolizes prosperity, wisdom, honour and self-respect. It has healing powers to cure allergies and asthma, gallbladder and liver complication as well as promote common sense.
Zodiac sign - Sagittarius.
|4th||Blue Topaz||Blue Zircon|
|9th||Lapis Lazuli||Amethyst, Green Spinel|
|10th||Diamond||Blue Sapphire, Crystal|
|11th||Turquoise||Citrine, Yellow Zircon|
Rhodolite Garnet, Alexandrite
|18th||Cat's Eye or Chrysoberyl||Aquamarine|
|20th||Emerald||Yellow or Golden Diamond|
|25th||Silver Jubilee||Tsavorite, Green Garnet|
|50th||Golden Jubilee||Imperial or Golden Topaz|
|60th||Diamond Jubilee||Star Ruby|
|70th||Sapphire Jubilee||Smoky Quartz|